Few Practical Tips About the Basic Principles of Photography

A principle in photography is a guideline that helps photographers achieve a desired effect in their images. There are many different principles that can be applied to photography, and each one will produce a different result. Some of the most popular principles include composition, light, and color. By understanding and applying these principles, photographers can create stunning images that capture the attention of viewers.


There are three types of balance in photography: symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial.: Symmetrical balance happens when the visual weights of elements on either side of an imaginary center line are equal. This type of balance is often seen in portraits as well as landscapes.: Asymmetrical balance happens when the visual weights of elements on either side of an imaginary center line are not equal. This type of balance is often seen in candid shots or action photos.: Radialbalance happens when all the visual weights around a central point are equal. This type of balance is often seen in nature scenes or shots with a strong central subject.: To create good balance in your photos, you will need to pay attention to the placement of elements within the frame as well as their size and weight relative to each other

Pattern Rhythm

In visual arts, pattern is a repeating element that creates a sense of movement or texture. Pattern can be found in nature, architecture, art, and even in the human body. In photography, patterns can create a sense of harmony or disharmony within an image.

When photographing patterns, it is important to consider the following:

-The light: Is the light source natural or artificial? What time of day is it? How will the light fall on the subject matter? -The background: What will be behind the subject matter? Is there a busy background that will distract from the pattern or a simple background that will enhance it? -The composition: How will the subject matter be arranged within the frame? Will there be negative space around it or will it fill up the entire frame? -The angle: From what angle will you photograph the subject matter? A low angle can make patterns look more dramatic while a high angle can make them look more playful.

Patterns can be created by many things such as lines, shapes, colors, and even textures. When photographing patterns, think about how you can use these elements to create interest within your image.


When crafting an image, photographers must consider how various elements will work together. Will they complement each other or create visual tension? How will they lead the eye around the frame? By carefully considering these factors, photographers can create images with a strong sense of unity.

Achieving unity in photography is often about finding balance between different elements. Too much of one thing can be overwhelming, while too little can leave the image feeling unfinished. The key is to strike a harmonious balance between opposing forces.

One way to achieve unity is through repetition and pattern. Repeating elements helps to unify an image and give it a sense of rhythm and movement. Patterns can be created using shape, color, line, or texture.


The human visual system is more sensitive to contrast than absolute luminance and can detect very small differences in brightness. The maximum contrast of an image is the contrast ratio or dynamic range. The human eye can perceive a brightness range of about 1:100,000, while the highest quality video cameras can capture a brightness range of 1:1,000,000 ( six orders of magnitude). Photographers may deliberately increase contrast for artistic effect; for example, certain photographs are noted for their stark black-and-white contrasts which create an illusion of depth by enhancing shadows and highlights. Conversely, reducing contrast can make an object appear flatter and less detailed because highlights and shadows are minimized.

Contrast is affected by a number of factors such as lighting conditions, position within the frame, camera settings such as exposure compensation, aperture, metering mode. Films intended for projection have relatively high levels of contrast since this is necessary to project well on cinema screens which usually have very high levels of ambient light; home DVDs often look brighter because they are not projected but viewed under dimmer conditions. In processing images recorded on digital sensors, increasing levels of global Contrast increases digital noise.


Proportion can be determined by the size, placement, and number of elements in a scene. For example, if there are two subjects of equal size placed on opposite sides of the frame, they will appear to have equal importance. If one subject is much larger than the other, it will appear more significant. And if there are multiple subjects arranged in a symmetrical or repeating pattern, they will appear unified and organized.

When considering proportion in your photography compositions, ask yourself what message you want to communicate with your image. Do you want to create a sense of calm and order? Or highlight the unique qualities of an individual element? Once you know what feeling you want to evoke, you can experiment with different ways of arranging the elements within your frame to achieve that effect.


1. Use different composition techniques. Try using the rule of thirds or framing your subject within a geometric shape.

2. Play with light and shadow. Use backlighting or side lighting to create drama in your photos.

3. Incorporate movement. Capturing moving subjects can add energy and dynamism to your photos.


There are many different ways that you can incorporate movement into your photography, and it really depends on the look that you are going for. If you want to capture the feeling of speed and energy, then using a long exposure is probably your best bet. But if you want to freeze a moment in time and create a sharp image, then panning your camera might be the way to go.

Movement can also be used as a compositional element in your photos. For instance, you can use leading lines to direct the viewer’s eye through the image, or use diagonal lines to create a sense of dynamic tension. Experiment with different ways of incorporating movement into your shots, and see what works best for you!

I'm a photography enthusiast with a passion for classic film cameras and writing. I believe that photography is a powerful tool for storytelling and I strive to create images that are evocative and meaningful. I hope you enjoy my work!