Here Are the 6 Principles of Photography

In its simplest form, photography is the art of capturing light. But there is so much more to it than that! The six principles of photography are:

1. Composition
2. Exposure
3. Lighting
4. Timing
5. Movement
6. Storytelling

Unity Harmony

Unity and harmony are two important principles in photography. They both involve the idea of creating a sense of oneness in a composition.

Unity is the principle of making all the elements in a composition work together to create a sense of oneness. Harmony is similar to unity, but it goes one step further by creating a pleasing or harmonious effect.

Both unity and harmony are important because they help to create compositions that are visually appealing and easy to understand. A well- unified composition will have all the elements working together to create one cohesive image, while a harmonious composition will be pleasing to look at and also easy to understand.

Pattern Repetition

When shooting patterns/repetitions, it is important to keep a few things in mind. First, try to avoid symmetry in your compositions. Symmetrical patterns can be quite boring and uninteresting to look at. Second, pay attention to the background behind your subject matter. A busy background will make it difficult for viewers to see the pattern/repetition you are trying to create. Finally, don’t be afraid to experiment with different framing options (close-ups, wide shots, etc.) until you find an composition that you’re happy with.


When we talk about contrast in photography, we are usually talking about tonal contrast, or the range of tones from black to white. However, contrast can also be used to refer to colour contrast, or the differences in hue and saturation between colours.

The human eye is very good at seeing contrasts, and our brain uses these contrasts to help us make sense of what we are seeing. When we look at a photograph, our brain automatically looks for areas of high contrast as a way of understanding what it is seeing.

Contrast is one of the most important elements of a successful photograph because it is Contrast that makes an image interesting and visually pleasing to look at. Without sufficient Contrast, photographs can look dull and uninteresting.

There are many ways to create Contrast in your photographs, but perhaps the most important thing to remember is that Contrast should be used sparingly. Too much Contrast can make an image appear garish and unpleasant to look at. Just enough Contrast will add interest and life to your photographs without overwhelming them.

Movement Rhythm

In photography, movement can create a sense of rhythm and dynamics. It can also be used to freeze time or to convey a sense of motion. There are many ways to create the illusion of movement in a photograph, and each has its own effect on the viewer.

One way to create the illusion of movement is by using a long exposure. This is where the shutter is left open for a longer period of time, allowing more light to enter the camera. This technique can be used to capture light trails or waterfalls, or to make buildings look like they’re swaying in the wind.

Another way to convey movement is through panning. This is where you follow your subject with your camera as they move, resulting in a streaked background while your subject remains in focus. Panning can be used to give action shots an energetic feel, or it can simply be used to add interest to an otherwise static scene.

Blurring can also be used as a way to suggest movement. This can be done by either moving your camera during the exposure, or by using a large aperture setting which allows less light into the camera and results in shallower depth of field. Blurring can give images an ethereal quality and make them appear dreamlike or surreal.

Freezing motion is another popular technique which makes use of fast shutter speeds. By freezing action you are able remove any sense of motion from your images, giving them a sharp and crisp look. Fast shutter speeds are often used in sports photography as well as wildlife photography where capturing split-second moments is crucial

I'm a photography enthusiast with a passion for classic film cameras and writing. I believe that photography is a powerful tool for storytelling and I strive to create images that are evocative and meaningful. I hope you enjoy my work!