A great way for beginner photographers to start out is by taking some online classes or reading some books on photography. This will help you learn the basics of composition, lighting, and how to use your camera. Once you have a good understanding of these things, you can start practicing by taking photos of your friends and family. As you become more confident in your skills, you can start entering competitions or submitting your work to online galleries.
One important thing to remember as a beginner photographer is that practice makes perfect! The more you shoot, the better you will become at capturing stunning images. So get out there and start shooting!
Learn to hold your camera properly
How to Hold Your Camera
Most people don’t realize how important it is to hold their camera properly. Holding your camera correctly can help you avoid camera shake, which can ruin your photos. Here are some tips on how to hold your camera properly:
1. Use Both Hands
When you’re taking a photo, be sure to use both hands to support the camera. This will help keep the camera steady and prevent shake. Place your right hand under the lens and your left hand on the grip or back of the camera. If you have a long lens, you may need to use your left hand to support the barrel of the lens as well.
2. Relax Your Arms and Shoulders
If you’re tensing up while taking a photo, it’s likely that your arms and shoulders are tense as well. This tension will cause camera shake, so try to relax as much as possible while keeping a firm grip on the camera. Breathe slowly and evenly to help keep yourself relaxed.
Start shooting in RAW
A RAW image file contains the unedited data from your camera’s sensor, giving you greater control over the final image. Many beginner photographers start out shooting in JPEG format, which compresses and edits the image data before saving it to your memory card. While this is fine for basic photography, shooting in RAW gives you much more control over the final image.
If you’re just starting out in photography, we recommend shooting in RAW format. This will give you the most flexibility when editing your photos later on. You can always convert a RAW file to JPEG if you need to, but it’s not possible to go from JPEG back to RAW. So if you’re unsure which format to shoot in, go with RAW!
Understand the exposure triangle
If you’re new to photography, understanding the exposure triangle is a great place to start. The exposure triangle is a visualization of the three main variables that control the exposure of a photograph: aperture, shutter speed, and ISO. Aperture controls how much light enters the camera, shutter speed controls how long the sensor is exposed to light, and ISO controls the sensor’s sensitivity to light.
Aperture is measured in f-stops, with a lower f-stop number indicating a wider aperture. A wider aperture allows more light into the camera, which will result in a brighter image. However, it also results in a shallower depth of field, which means that objects in the foreground and background will be less sharp.
Shutter speed is measured in seconds or fractions of seconds. A faster shutter speed will result in a darker image because it cuts off more of the time that light has to enter the camera. However, it also freezes motion better than a slower shutter speed would. So if you’re trying to capture something moving quickly, like a bird in flight or water droplets falling through air, you’ll want to use a faster shutter speed.
ISO sensitivity is measured in numbers like 100 or 1600. A higher ISO number indicates greater sensitivity and results in brighter images. However, it also introduces more noise into your photos (grainy texture). So if you’re going for low-light photography or want to capture fast action without compromising on quality too much, you’ll want to bump up your ISO setting accordingly.
Wide aperture is best for portraits
If you’re just starting out in photography, one of the best things you can do is to shoot portraits with a wide aperture. This will give your photos a shallower depth of field, which is ideal for making your subject stand out from the background. Plus, shooting with a wide aperture will force you to get closer to your subject, which can help you create more intimate portraits.
Narrow aperture is best for landscapes
A beginner photographer may ask, “What aperture should I use for landscapes?” The answer is that a narrow aperture (higher f-stop number) is best for landscapes.
When shooting landscapes, you want a large depth of field so that everything from the foreground to the background is in focus. A narrow aperture will give you this large depth of field. For example, an aperture of f/16 will give you a much larger depth of field than an aperture of f/2.8.
Of course, there are trade-offs with using a narrow aperture. The main trade-off is that a narrower aperture means less light reaching your sensor (or film). This means that you’ll either need to use a slower shutter speed or increase your ISO sensitivity to compensate for the lack of light.
Learn to use Aperture Priority and Shutter Priority modes
If you’re a beginner photographer, one of the first things you need to learn is how to use aperture priority and shutter priority modes. Aperture priority mode lets you control the size of the aperture, or opening, in the lens. The bigger the aperture, the more light that comes into the camera. Shutter priority mode lets you control how long the shutter stays open. The longer the shutter is open, the more light that comes into the camera.
Both of these modes are important because they let you control how much light comes into your camera. If too much light comes in, your photos will be overexposed and too bright. If not enough light comes in, your photos will be underexposed and too dark.
Aperture priority mode is great for controlling depth of field. Depth of field is how much of your photo is in focus from front to back. A large aperture (small number) will give you a shallow depth of field and a small aperture (large number) will give you a deep depth of field. Shutter priority mode is great for controlling motion blur. Motion blur happens when something moves while the shutter is open and it results in a blurry photo. A fast shutter speed (low number) will freeze motion and prevent blur while a slow shutter speed (high number) will allow motion to occur and create blurriness
Don’t be afraid to raise the ISO
A lot of beginner photographers are afraid to raise their ISO because they’ve heard that it will make their photos grainy. However, if you’re shooting in low light or trying to capture a fast-moving subject, you may need to raise your ISO. Just remember that you can always lower it in post-processing if your photo turns out too grainy.
One of the most important things for a beginner photographer to understand is that there is no such thing as taking a perfect photo. There will always be something that someone else could have done better or something that you wish you could have changed after the fact. The important thing is to learn from your mistakes and keep practicing so that you can eventually take the perfect photo or at least one that makes you happy!
One common mistake beginner photographers make is not paying attention to their backgrounds. Even if your subject is in focus, an unsightly background can ruin an otherwise great photo. Before taking a picture, take a moment to scan your surroundings and look for anything that might stand out and distract from your subject matter. If necessary, move yourself or your subject so that the background becomes less noticeable.
Another tip for beginner photographers is to experiment with different angles and perspectives. Sometimes the best photos are ones taken from an unusual angle or vantage point. Get down low, climb up high, stand on something unstable whatever it takes to get a different perspective! You never know what kind of creative results you’ll achieve until you try something new.
Make a habit of checking the ISO before you start shooting
“If your goal is to take low light photos, or night photography, you will want to keep your ISO as low as possible. This will minimize the amount of grain in your photos. A good rule of thumb is to keep your ISO below 800.”
“If you are shooting in well lit conditions, you can afford to raise your ISO. In fact, if you are shooting action or need a faster shutter speed, you will need to raise your ISO. Just be aware that the higher the ISO, the more grainy your photo will become.”