Key Insights: What Are the Basics in Photography?

A camera is a tool used to capture light and create an image. The word “photography” comes from the Greek words for “light” and “drawing.” A person who takes photographs is called a photographer.

The basis of photography is the art of drawing with light. A photograph is made by using a camera to record light on to a light-sensitive surface. The earliest photographs were taken with cameras that used chemical-coated plates or films to capture the image, but today most photographers use digital cameras that capture the image electronically.

The word “photography” was first used in 1839 by Sir John Herschel and it quickly became popular. In just a few years, photography had spread around the world and people were using it to document their lives, their families, their friends, and their surroundings.


In photography, exposure is the amount of light that reaches the sensor or film. It is determined by the aperture and shutter speed of the camera. A long exposure will result in a brighter image, while a short exposure will result in a darker image.


In photography, ISO is a measure of the sensitivity of your camera sensor to light. The lower the number, the less sensitive your camera is to light and vice versa. A higher ISO setting is often used in low light situations to help prevent blurry photos. It is also used when you want to freeze fast-moving subjects in your frame. A lower ISO setting is typically used in well-lit situations or when you want to capture a landscape photo with stunning detail.

There are three main things that affect how sensitive your camera sensor is to light: the size of the sensor, the amount of light that hits it and the material it’s made out of. The size of the sensor affects how much light it can collect and therefore how sensitive it is. A larger sensor will be more sensitive than a smaller one because it can gather more photons (the particles that make up light). The amount of light that hits your sensor also affects its sensitivity – if there’s lots of light, then your sensor won’t need to be as sensitive because there are plenty of photons around for it to collect. Finally, different materials have different sensitivities too; for example, CMOS sensors are generally more sensitive than CCD sensors.

So what does all this mean for you as a photographer? When you’re choosing an ISO setting for your camera, you need to think about how much light will be available and whether you want a fast shutter speed or not. If there isn’t much light around (for example, if you’re shooting indoors or at night), then you’ll need to use a higher ISO setting so that your photos don’t come out blurred; similarly, if you want to freeze fast-moving subjects in your frame, then again you’ll need to use a higher ISO setting. However, using a high ISO comes with its own problems; namely, that noise becomes more visible in your photos at high ISOs. Noise appears as small speckles on your image and can spoil otherwise good photos; therefore, if possible, you should try to keep ISO settings as low as possible. This will give you better quality images with less noise.

There are ways of reducing noise in post-processing software, but it’s always best to avoid high ISOs if possible. Of course, sometimes you just have to use the highest ISO your camera will allow because of the lighting conditions; in these cases

Depth of field

Depth of field can be controlled by changing the aperture setting on your camera. A wider aperture (low f-stop number) will result in a smaller depth of field, while a narrower aperture (high f-stop number) will result in a larger depth of field. Depth of field is also affected by other factors such as the focal length of your lens and your distance from your subject.

If you want to control which parts of your image are in focus, it’s important to understand how depth of field works. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about this essential photography concept.

Focal length

The most important thing to understand about focal length is that it affects your field of view. For example, if you’re standing in front of a building and you want to capture its entire height in your photo, you’ll need to use a long focal length (like 200 m m or more). But if you only want to capture part of the building, like the entranceway, you can use a shorter focal length (like 50mm).

Another thing to keep in mind is that focal length also affects your depth of field. This is the amount of distance between the foreground and background that appears sharp in your photo. A long focal length will result in a shallow depth of field, which means that only objects at a certain distance from your camera will appear sharp. This can be useful for portraits, where you want to blur out the background so that it doesn’t distract from your subject. On the other hand, if you’re taking a landscape photo, you’ll probably want everything from the foreground to the horizon to be sharp, so you’ll need to use a shorter focal length so that more o

I'm a photography enthusiast with a passion for classic film cameras and writing. I believe that photography is a powerful tool for storytelling and I strive to create images that are evocative and meaningful. I hope you enjoy my work!