The first and most important rule of composition is the rule of thirds. This rule states that an image should be divided into thirds, both horizontally and vertically. The four points where these lines intersect are known as power points. Placing your subject at one of these points will give your photo more impact and make it more visually appealing.
Another important compositional rule is leading lines. Leading lines are any lines in an image that lead the eye toward your subject. They can be real physical lines, such as roads or railway tracks, or they can be implied lines created by groups of objects or even shadows. Using leading lines in your composition will help to draw the viewer’s eye into the photo and towards your main subject matter.
The next compositional rule to consider is negative space. Negative space is the area around and between the main subjects in an image. It’s often underestimated how important negative space can be in a photo – too much clutter around your subjects will make them appear smaller and less significant, while too much empty space can make an image feel “flat” and uninteresting. Finding a good balance between positive (clutter) and negative (empty) space will result in a more visually appealing photo overall.
Unusual angles can also add interest to an otherwise mundane composition. Shooting from high above or low below your subjects can give them a whole new perspective, making for some truly unique photos. And finally, don’t forget about symmetry! Symmetrical compositions are pleasing to look at because our brains are wired to find them aesthetically pleasing. So next time you’re out shooting, keep these simple compositional rules in mind – they could just take your photos from good to great!
Rule #3: Negative Space
In photography, negative space is the area around and between the subject of an image. Negative space may be most evident when the subject is strongly recessed into the background, making for a striking image. It can also be used to create a sense of balance within an image.
When composing an image, it is important to keep in mind the role that negative space will play. Negative space can help to lead the eye toward the subject of an image and can help to create a sense of balance. It can also be used to add interest to an otherwise simple composition.
When using negative space, it is important not to allow too much empty space in an image as this can make it appear unbalanced or unfinished. Instead, aim for a pleasing mix of positive and negative space within your frame.
Rule #4: Horizon Line
When taking a photo, it is important to keep the horizon line level. This will ensure that your photo looks symmetrical and balanced. If the horizon line is not level, the photo will look crooked and unprofessional.
There are a few different ways that you can make sure the horizon line is level when taking a photo. One way is to use the gridlines on your camera’s display. Most digital cameras have an option to turn on gridlines, which will appear over your image as you are taking it. These gridlines can help you keep the horizon line level by aligning it with one of the lines.
Another way to keep the horizon line level is by using the spirit level feature on many digital cameras. This feature shows a small bubble in the bottom corner of your display that indicates whether or not your camera is tilted. If the bubble is centered, then your camera is level and ready to take a photo. However, if The bubble is off-center, then you will need to adjust The position of your camera until The bubble moves back into The center position..Using these two methods should help you take photos with a perfectly level horizon line every time!
Rule #5: Symmetry and Patterns
In photography, the rule of symmetry is often used to create pleasing, balanced compositions. This means that the elements in the photo are arranged in a way that is symmetrical, or evenly balanced. For example, if you were to take a photo of a person standing in the middle of a room, with their arms and legs spread out evenly, this would be an example of symmetry.
If you are photographing a scene that has strong lines and shapes (such as architecture), you can use those lines to create a sense of balance in your composition. Look for ways to divide the frame into equal halves, either vertically or horizontally. You can also look for patterns and repeating shapes within the scene itself – these can also help to create a sense of balance and harmony in your image.
When about subjects like people or animals, however, symmetry is often not as pleasing – our brains are wired to find asymmetrical faces more interesting! If you’re taking photos of people, try breaking up the symmetry by having them stand off-center or by using different angles. Capturing someone mid-stride or while they’re engaged in an activity can also add interest to your photos.