The 6 main areas of a composition in art are the foreground, middle ground, and background; the left, right, and center; and the top, bottom, and middle.
The foreground is the part of the composition that is closest to the viewer. The middle ground is in between the foreground and background. The background is farthest from the viewer.
The left side of a composition is typically where most viewers look first. The right side is usually where viewers look second. The center of a composition can be either where viewers look third or not at all – it depends on the focus of the piece.
The top of a composition draws attention because it’s where our eyes naturally go when we look at something. The bottom can be used to anchor a piece or to create stability within a composition. And finally,the middle can be used to create balance or tension within a piece.
Shape and proportion
Proportion is the relationship of the parts to the whole and to each other. It is concerned with size and scale. Shape is two-dimensional and can be geometric or organic.
In art, composition is often used interchangeably with design, although composition has a more specific meaning within the visual arts. In general terms, composition refers to the way in which elements are arranged within a work of art. This includes both the overall arrangement of elements (such as placement within the picture plane) as well as smaller groupings or pairs (such as figures in a landscape). The term can also refer to how these various elements interact with each other – for example, whether they form a harmonious whole or create an interesting contrast.
When considering shape and proportion in a work of art, it is important to think about how these elements contribute to the overall look and feel of the piece. For example, geometric shapes can create a feeling of orderliness or stability, while organic shapes may appear more natural or free-flowing. The size of different elements can also affect our perception – for instance, large shapes may dominate a composition while smaller ones seem more delicate or fragile. Proportion can also be used deliberately to create an effect; for example, using disproportionate sizes can make certain objects appear unreal or dreamlike.
Shape and proportion are just two aspects that need to be considered when composing a work of art; however, they are often closely linked since changes in one usually result in changes in the other. For instance, altering the width of one element will usually mean adjusting the height (or vice versa) so that everything remains in proportion. It is therefore important to think about all aspects of composition before making any final decisions about how your artwork will look!
Positioning orientation balance harmony among the elements
When creating a composition, artists must consider the placement of each element within the work. The position of the elements can create a sense of balance or imbalance, harmony or discord.
The first step in creating a composition is to decide on the orientation of the work. Will it be horizontal or vertical? The artist must then decide on the placement of the elements within the chosen orientation. For example, in a horizontal composition,the artist may choose to place the horizon line in the middle or at the top or bottom of the canvas.
Oncethe orientation is decided,the artist must then determine how to balance all of the elements within that space. There are several ways to create balance: symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial. Symmetrical balance is achieved when both sides of a composition are identical or nearly identical; asymmetrical balance occurs when there is a distribution of visual weight that is uneven but still pleasing to the eye; radial balance happens when the elements radiate outward fromacommoncenterpoint. In general, most compositions will have some combination of these three typesofbalance.
After determining how to orient and balance all of the elements within aspace,anartistmust then harmonize those elements so they work together cohesively to create a pleasing image overall
The area within the field of view used for the picture (“cropping”)
This is the area that will be seen in the final work, and it is important to consider how the composition will change with different aspect ratios. The other five areas are: 1. The background: What will be seen behind the subject matter? Is it important to the story being told? 2. The foreground: What will be seen in front of the subject matter? Is it important to the story being told? 3. The left side: Is there anything important happening on the left side of the composition that should be included in the final work? 4. The right side: Is there anything important happening on the right side of the composition that should be included in the final work? 5. Above and below: Is there anything happening above or below the main subject matter that should be included in order to create a balanced composition?
The path or direction followed by the viewer’s eye when they observe the image
The path or direction followed by the viewer’s eye when they observe the image is called the “line of sight.” The line of sight can be used to lead the viewer’s eye through the image and create a sense of movement. It can also be used to create a sense of depth or distance.
Negative space is often thought of as empty space, but it can also be filled with color or pattern. The key is that the negative space should not compete with the subject for attention. When used effectively, negative space can add depth and dimension to an image.
One way to create interesting negative space is to use contrasting colors or patterns. For example, you could have a brightly colored subject against a dark background. Or you could have a busy patterned background with a simple subject in the foreground. By playing with different colors and patterns, you can create all kinds of interesting effects using negative space.
Another way to use negative space is to leave some parts of the image blank intentionally. This can help draw attention to the subject or add a sense of calmness and serenity to the composition. When done well, using intentional blank spaces can really make an image pop!
So next time you are composing an image, take some time to think about how you can use negative space effectively!