Gallery containing public domain photos of flowers and plants from the Canadian National Parks – Western Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada’s plants is extensive.
Trientalis is a small genus of flowering plants containing three species known as starflowers or wintergreens. These plants have the unusual trait of sometimes bearing flower parts in sevens. They may also come in fives and sixes. The roots are tuber-like. They are native to North America and northern Eurasia.
The saskatoon, or western juneberry, is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America from Alaska across most of western Canada and in the western and north central United States. Historically it was also called “pigeon berry”. It grows from sea level in the north of the range, up to 2,600 m elevation in California and 3,400 m in the Rocky Mountains.
The tulip is a perennial, bulbous plant with showy flowers in the genus Tulipa, of which up to 109 species have been described and which belongs to the family Liliaceae.
Maianthemum racemosum (False Solomon’s Seal) is a species of flowering plant, native to North America. It is a woodland herbaceous perennial plant growing to 50–90 cm tall, with alternate, oblong-lanceolate leaves 7–15 cm long. The flowers are produced in late spring. The plants produce green fruits that are round and turn red in late summer. It grows in bicoastal habitats in North America up to elevations of 7,000 ft (2,134 m).
Prosartes trachycarpa, is a member of the genus Prosartes of perennial flowering plants in the family Liliaceae. This species was previously placed in the genus Disporum. The flowers are delicate and hang down. The berry is larger than a Saskatoon and can be found in the same locale as other native fruits such as Saskatoons. The species are found in western Canada. They are listed amongst plants found in the Prince Albert National Park.
Primula is a genus of 400–500 species of mainly herbaceous flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. These species and many others are valued for their ornamental flowers. They have been extensively cultivated and hybridised – in the case of the primrose, for many hundreds of years. Primulas are native to the temperate northern hemisphere, south into tropical mountains in Ethiopia, Indonesia and New Guinea, and in temperate southern South America. Almost half of the known species are from the Himalayas.
Scilla siberica is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to southwestern Russia, the Caucasus, and Turkey. Despite its name, it is not native to Siberia. Growing to 10–20 cm tall by 5 cm wide, it is a bulbous perennial, with two to four strap-shaped leaves appearing in early spring, at the same time as the nodding, blue, bell-shaped flowers. S. siberica is cultivated for its bluebell-like flowers.
Antirrhinum is a genus of plants commonly known as snapdragons or dragon flowers, from the flowers’ fancied resemblance to the face of a dragon that opens and closes its mouth when laterally squeezed. They are native to rocky areas of Europe, USA and North Africa. Snapdragons are perennial plants often considered as cold-season annual plants and do best in full or partial sun, in well drained soil.